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马上就要元宵节啦!你知道元宵节的起源吗? (中英双语对照)
2018-03-01   次   汉西外教  

外教一对一


The Lantern Festival falls on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, usually in February or March in the Gregorian calendar. As early as the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-AD25), it had become a festival with great significance.

元宵节是在阴历的元月15号,通常在阳历的二月或者三月。早在西汉时期(公元前206年-公元25年)元宵节就已经成为具有重要意义的节日。

元宵节

This day's important activity is watching lanterns. Throughout the Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220), Buddhism flourished in China. One emperor heard that Buddhist monks would watch Sarira, or remains from the cremation of Buddha's body, and light lanterns to worship Buddha on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, so he ordered to light lanterns in the imperial palace and temples to show respect to Buddha on this day. Later, the Buddhist rite developed into a grand festival among common people and its influence expanded from the Central Plains to the whole of China.

这一天重要的活动就是看灯啦。早在公元前206年至公元220年的汉代,佛教就在中国盛行。有一位帝王听说僧侣可以看到舍利,也就是佛被火化后留存在体内的东西,在阴历的正月十五这一天点灯敬拜佛祖,于是这位帝王就命令这一天在他的宫殿和庙宇里点灯以表现他对佛祖的尊敬。此后,这项佛教仪式发展成为普通民众的盛大节日,它的影响力从中原地区一直蔓延到整个中国。

Till today, the lantern festival is still held each year around the country. Lanterns of various shapes and sizes are hung in the streets, attracting countless visitors. Children will hold self-made or bought lanterns to stroll with on the streets, extremely excited.

直到今天,全国上下每年都会过元宵节。不同形状和大小的灯笼会悬挂在街上,吸引无数的游人。孩子们会拿着自制的或买来的灯笼在街上闲逛,十分开心。

汤圆

"Guessing lantern riddles"is an essential part of the Festival. In the daytime of the Festival, performances such as a dragon lantern dance, a lion dance, a land boat dance, a yangge dance, walking on stilts and beating drums while dancing will be staged. On the night, except for magnificent lanterns, fireworks form a beautiful scene. Most families spare some fireworks from the Spring Festival and let them off in the Lantern Festival.

“猜灯谜”是节日的核心部分。在元宵节的白天里,会有很多表演节目,例如,舞龙灯、舞狮、采莲船、扭秧歌、踩高跷和打鼓。到了晚上,除了华丽的灯笼,烟火也是另一道美丽的风景。很多家庭从春节开始就在放烟火,并且延续到了元宵节。

People will eat yuanxiao, or rice dumplings, on this day, so it is also called the "Yuanxiao Festival."Yuanxiao also has another name, tangyuan. It is small dumpling balls made of glutinousrice flour with rose petals, sesame, bean paste, jujube paste, walnut meat, dried fruit, sugar and edible oil as filling. Tangyuan can be boiled, fried or steamed. It tastes sweet and delicious. What's more, tangyuan in Chinese has a similar pronunciation with "tuanyuan”, meaning reunion. So people eat them to denote union, harmony and happiness for the family.

人们在元宵节的时候会吃元宵,因此这个节日也就叫做元宵节。“元宵”还有另外一个名字—汤圆,用糯米粉做皮,玫瑰花瓣、芝麻、豆酱、枣泥、胡桃肉、干果、糖和食用油做馅,做成的小面球团。汤圆可以煮、炸或者蒸来吃。吃起来甜甜的,很美味。而且,汤圆在中国和“团圆”这个词的发音相似,代表着团团圆圆。因此人们吃汤圆会象征着家庭的团圆、和谐和快乐。


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